Last week the question was: What is on this cedar tree?
This is a cedar apple rust gall. This is a type of fungi that requires two different hosts to complete it’s life cycle. As the name suggests, it requires a member Juniperus genus and a member of the apple family. The bright orange growths are covered in spores waiting to be dispersed by the wind. This is a fairly common disease, though a relatively minor issue. For more info, take a look at this publication.
Here is this week’s question: What is happening at the base of this wheat leaf? It may be a little difficult to see.